narrative fiction.1 For my part, reflecting on metalepsis has led me to an extension and a critique of the brief section in Narrative Discourse where Gérard Genette. Metalepsis was first identified and defined by the literary theorist Gérard Genette who wrote within the context of the Structuralist movement. When Gérard Genette coined the term “metalepsis” in the fifth chapter (on. “Voice ”) of his Discours du récit, he defined it as “any intrusion by the extradiegetic.

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As seen in 2. In its metalesis sense, metalepsis, first identified by Genette, is a paradoxical contamination between the world of the telling and the world of the told: The story generally corresponds to a series of events and actions that are told by someone the narratorand represented in some final form, producing a narrative.

Gould, Kendall and Lincoln.

Metalepsis: de la Figura a la Ficcion

Ohio State UP, 94— The phrase “said she” and the quotation marks indicate that the narrator is reporting the character’s speech genetet. Expanding the Boundaries of Transgression.

What’s to prevent my marrying off the master and making him a cuckold? Whether the text is a narrative of events tells what metalepsia character is doing or a narrative of words tells what the character is saying or thinkingthere are four types of discourse, each demonstrating progressively greater distance taken by the narrator with respect to the textpp.

The degree of transgression—knowledge of the other world as opposed to physically penetrating it—is characterized as either epistemological verbal or ontological modal. Essentially, metalepsis functions with varying dosages of three parameters: As shown by these and other essays, technical innovations brought in by the mass media and, more recently, by the digital technologies, have contributed significantly to the use of metalepsis and to the diversity of metaleptic effects in the popular culture corpus.


Even if it can be found in the works of ancient poets, we no longer tolerate it. A narrator may choose to present the events in the order they occurred, that is, chronologically, or he can recount them out of order. Among topics requiring additional study are the following: Narratology Beyond Literary Criticism, ed.

Genette illustrates this kind of metalepsis with several passages from [End Page ] Balzac, including one that begins thus: Exploring the transmedial dimensions of metalepsis poses the challenge, as the above proposals show, of rethinking narrative metalepsis so as to accommodate the features of visual and performance media, for which the language-based story-discourse distinction is not well adapted.

Genrtte in Text- und Bildmedien des Altertums. The narrator anticipates meyalepsis that will occur after the main story ends.

Metalepsis: de la Figura a la Ficcion by Gérard Genette

gersrd Anachronies can have several functions in a narrative. Gleich bio The mechanisms of metalepsis, as several chapters in this work show, extend beyond narrative fiction. According to Genette, all narrative is necessarily diegesis tellingin that it can attain no more than an illusion of mimesis showing by making the story real and alive.

For narrative metalepsis in an ontological perspective, paradox is central, as it involves the logically inconsistent passage between two separate domains through suspension of the excluded middle. This text may be reproduced for non-commercial purposes, provided the complete reference is given: In contrast to the other models presented, this typology includes metalepsis among other forms of paradoxical narration. Ontological approaches tend to focus on the latter while rhetorical approaches also take account of the metaleptic potential of e.


Examples can be found in Genette and in Pier and Schaeffer, eds. If the narrator lets signs of his presence appear metaleepsis the narrative he is recounting, he may acquire a particular status, depending on the way the story is rendered. The event-story is interrupted to make room exclusively for narratorial discourse.

These four possibilities imply four kinds of frequency relations, which can then be organized into three categoriespp. As a field of study, narratology looks at the internal mechanisms of narrative, the form taken by a narrated story.

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This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Relating n times what happened n times. Theoretical Semiotics on the Web. In a proposal that partly cuts across the above models, Pier The other important distinction—Genette makes it himself, genetts without emphasizing it—is between what I call exterior metalepsis by far the more frequent and interior metalepsis.